The protection of the ancient building is a significant and popular topic in those cities which have a long history, especially in the European countries. In Germany, the protection of ancient buildings was combined with the central and local government. The central government gave the flexible legislative and disposing right to the local areas but the central government formulated the law. The protection work is done by the local government, which maximize the enthusiasm of the local government for the protection of ancient buildings. At the same time, it is linked with economic benefits, encouraging the redevelopment and reuse of ancient buildings. It is pointed out that the buildings with human living activities are fresh (Herein-system.eu，2016).
Figure 1. Painting of Steinerne Brücke
Regensburg could be one of the best examples of Germany. It is a city if Bavaria and located at Regensburg is a city in Bavaria, Germany, located at the confluence of the Danube and Legan Rivers on the northernmost tip of the Danube. The first settlements in Regensburg were located in the Stone Age. Regensburg is the capital of Upper Palatinate in the Bavarian administrative region. The first settlements in Regensburg date to the Stone Age. The town covers an area of 81 square kilometers and has a historic downtown area of about 183 hectares. The oldest name which is given to a settlement near the current city is ‘Radasbona’ (Ripp, 2011).
Figure 2. Historic downtown area of Regensburg
Figure 3. Photos of some buildings in downtown area of Regensburg
The city’s great medieval center has a well-preserved 14th-century primitive outline and has been included in the UNESCO World Heritage List since 2006. Its measure is 1.83 km2 which includes 15.000 inhabitants and 984 monuments. Public buildings, private homes and the magnificent architecture of churches, abbeys and religious foundations provide us with a true portrayal of medieval city culture and architecture (Regensburg.de, n.d.).
Figure 4: Old city drawing of Regensburg, Germany
For the innovation part, Regensburg historic centre is a good place to be developed into a cultural and economic centre which is with its own characteristic. The whole town is in a good state and full of buildings which are professionally restored. Its heritage values are preserved. The old town is mixed with houses, restaurants and retail facilities. However, the main task of Regensburg is to preserve the value of its cultural heritage. In addition, the entire city is rapidly growing, which increasing the pressure on the housing market. Demands for the modernization of new infrastructure and new community functions and the need to improve public transport systems are increasing. They must also be accompanied by the protection of the tangible and intangible cultural heritage assets. It is significant to get the balance between protection and innovation when facing the modernization (Unesco, 2006).
Figure 5. Painting of Goliathhaus and Schottenportal
Sources of images:
Figure 1 From Regensburg Wimmelbuch edited by Peter Engel
Figure 3 Photos taken by the author
Figure 4, 5 From the book Regensburg and its most beautiful historical buildings Written by Palo de la Riestra and Hermann bickon
Herein-system.eu. (2016). Germany | HEREIN System. [online] Available at: http://www.herein-system.eu/germany-country-profile [Accessed 15 Apr. 2018].
Ripp, M. (2011). HerO Local Action Plan City of Regensburg. [online] pp.1-2. Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/309308884_HerO_Local_Action_Plan_City_of_Regensburg [Accessed 15 Apr. 2018].
Unesco centre (2006). Old town of Regensburg with Stadtamhof. [online] Available at: http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1155 [Accessed 15 Apr. 2018].
Regensburg.de. (n.d.). Stadt Regensburg – UNESCO-World Heritage – World Heritage Site. [online] Available at: https://www.regensburg.de/unesco-world-heritage/world-heritage-site [Accessed 15 Apr. 2018].