In Yali’s blog, she discussed why landscape urbanism emerged and proposed a case study called the reform of Yuanqian SHE in southeastern China. From her induction, I realized that landscape urbanism organically combines environmental, spatial and social contexts. It also compresses the polarization between design and planning, and strives to combine the strengths of each.
Landscape urbanism as a new method in urban researches and urban sprawl is the best solution for urban sprawl in historical sites and cultural landscapes. After experiencing the destruction of the landscape under urban sprawl, Yali said Yuanqian SHE began implementing a sustainable landscape renewal strategy, including repairing natural landscapes, reconstructing habitat landscapes, reshaping social landscapes and restoring cultural landscapes.
On the basis of retaining the village’s red bricks and the original rural ecological landscape, Yuanqian SHE has continuously integrated urban vegetable fields, endowed the life of the Tzu Chi Zugong scenic spots, ancient dwellings and Taiwanese culture resources. Finally, it has become a well-known “Fujian-Taiwan eco-cultural village”. In 2008, Weller pointed out that landscape urbanism conceptualized and then directly engaged the city and its landscape as a mixed, natural, chaotic ecology and emphasized the creative and temporal agency of ecology in the formation of urban life, rather than envisaging an ideal balance between two entities (formerly known as culture and nature).
In fact, landscape urbanism has fundamentally raised concerns about the environment. More importantly, it requires all forms of landscape – architecture, vernacular, nature, etc. as a basis for understanding the forces that shape projects and projects must respond. In this respect, landscape urbanism promotes an understanding of places and projects ecologically that includes people, what they do and have done within the same frame, and a comprehensive view of the natural world.
The definition, planning and designing of landscape urbanism could control and organize urban development and urban sprawl in suburbs. Landscape urbanism as an urban study and discipline has a new way and principles for urban sprawl and development to creating ecological and cultural landscapes around the city. Yuanqian SHE is an important experience of Shira landscape urbanism method, which can help people have urban life and understanding city’s urban ecological and cultural values.
- Waldheim, Charles, ed. 2006. “The Landscape Urbanism Reader”. New York: Princeton Architectural Press.
- Weller, R. (2008) “Landscape(Sub) Urbanism in Theory and Practice”, Landscape Journal.
- Charles, W. (2006), The Landscape Urbanism Reader, Princeton Architectural Press.
- DIRLIK, A. (1996) Reversals, ironies, hegemonies: notes on the contemporary historiography of modern China, Modern China, 22(3), pp. 243– 284.
- GREGORY, D. and LEY, D. (1988) Culture’s geographies, Environment and Planning D, 6(2), pp. 115–127.