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Thank you, Xinmin Yan, for your exciting post! New York High Line is a great inspiring example of renovation. In my post I would like to write about the another example of a successful development of unused industrial area in Moscow, which inspires me.

HPP-2 as a progressive center that takes us back to the ideas of romantic futurism

A project I would like to write about is the Center of Contemporary Art (Museum of Modern Art) at the former Hydropower Plant-2 in Bolotnaya Square in Moscow, by architectural studio Renzo Piano Building Workshop (RPBW).The approach used to transform the HPP-2 building into a public space for modern culture is based primarily on understanding the tremendous historical value of this building. Built in 1904, the building is now cluttered with extensions, and some historical elements has been lost. The project returns the old sense of space to the building, destroying all new extensions and dismantling the equipment, but leaving behind a few samples that preserve the memory of the place.

Exterior

The project returns the originally conceived translucent roof to the building, adding photovoltaic cells embedded in glass panels. The area of ​​glazing has been increased too. The purpose of this intervention is to create the continuity between the internal and external spaces, which will open the structure to the city. A square will appear in front of the museum. It will be located between the building and the channel. The former turbine hall covered with metal trusses, designed by Vladimir Shukhov, will be the main space of the future museum of modern art (Fig. 2).

Interior

There will be a large public space, an exhibition and educational centers inside of the main building. A library, an auditorium, a winter garden and workshops for artists will also be there (Fig. 3). The pipes will become the “lungs” of the building. They will trap the air at a height of 70 meters, activating natural ventilation and reducing energy consumption (Fig. 2)

“I’m following the progress of this project, it is great that industrial areas in the city are being renovated. Today’s Moscow is a platform for implementation of the most daring and bold ideas. In this project, we have won twice. To create the museum we had to close an existing power station, which provides power to the Central Administrative District. In its place, there is a new compact energy point with cutting-edge equipment. In addition, we are preserving a unique cultural site, fill it with new meaning, thus enriching the cultural environment of the area.”

Alexander Kibovsky, Head of the Department of Cultural Heritage of Moscow.


References:

  1. https://archsovet.msk.ru/en/article/city/renzo-piano-presented-a-detailed-project-of-the-museum-of-modern-art-in-place-of-the-former-hydropower-plant-2-in-moscow (Accessed: May 2019)
  2. https://archello.com/project/center-for-contemporary-art (Accessed: May 2019)
  3. https://archi.ru/projects/world/9202/centr-sovremennoi-kultury-fonda-v-a-c-v-byvshei-elektrostancii-ges-2 (Accessed: May 2019)

School of Architecture
Planning and Landscape
Newcastle upon Tyne
Tyne and Wear, NE1 7RU

Tel: 0191 208 6509

Email: nicola.rutherford@ncl.ac.uk


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