The development of knowledge economy in city
In this short one-semester study of urban design, I often think about how some cities with economic decline are transforming, how to develop their economy, and how to make their local residents live a higher quality of life. One keyword at a time has entered In my eyes: knowledge economy.
It made me have a great interest, let me consult a large number of related books, papers, to verify and study it. Understand what a knowledge economy is and what it includes. Why should we develop a knowledge economy and which cities are suitable for the development of a knowledge economy? How to invest and construct? The characteristics and advantages and disadvantages of the knowledge economy.
It is important to point out that the knowledge-based economy is a knowledge-based economy, a concept corresponding to the agricultural economy and the industrial economy, and is a new type of vital economic form. Industrialization, informatization and knowledge are the three stages of modernization development. Innovation is the driving force for the development of the knowledge economy. Education, culture and research and development are the leading industries of the knowledge economy. Education and research and development are the most important sectors in the era of knowledge economy. And high-quality human resources are the most important resources.
Knowledge economy is the economic structure, growth mode and social form with human capital as the main factor and human knowledge and wisdom as the main source of growth. The knowledge economy is mainly reflected in the four new areas of education, medical care, art and technological innovation. Its common characteristics are mental labor and production innovation. Schools, hospitals, art institutes and research institutes are the main areas of the knowledge economy. The knowledge economy runs through the development of human society, but in the modern era, due to the advancement of education and medical treatment, the knowledge economy has increasingly become the source of economic growth in advanced developed countries. Education is the starting point of the knowledge economy. It is the progress of education that enables human beings to have knowledge, which is transformed into human capital, innovative technology, and the use of production factors to carry out the production process and create economic growth. In contrast, human wisdom is infinite, and the growth of the knowledge economy has become infinite. Not only that, the knowledge economy is selfless. One person tells his knowledge to others without reducing his own knowledge.
The Impact of Knowledge Economy on Urban Spatial Structure
In the information industry, information and information resources are mainly used as factors of production, with low consumption of resources and energy, large intellectual input, and strong market competitiveness. Therefore, there is a large degree of freedom in location selection, and it is not necessary to be strictly close to resources, energy sources and consumer markets, but generally to choose a beautiful environment and close to institutions with expertise in research, such as Silicon Valley in California, Cambridge, UK, and French Science City are confirming this.
The popularity of information technology means the diffusion of information technology, which can reflect the expansion of the scope and scale of remote activities. The daily working hours of employees will decrease and the working hours at home will increase. In addition, the entertainment shopping time and social time of employees will increase, and Experts believe that telecommuting can increase family relationships and increase family activities. This is not only because family members have more convenient contact and diversified contact methods, but also because remote work increases people’s leisure and leisure time. The guarantee of time and the means of contact and changes in the way of activities have laid the foundation for a harmonious family atmosphere.
The development of information technology has had a huge impact on human lifestyles. This effect has also caused changes in the urban spatial structure, which will spread humanity to more distant places, even the vast countryside, and make urbanization in a larger area. Expand to form a polycentric, decentralized, low-density urban structure. The information industry and high-tech industries have become the most active part of the world economy. These industries occupy less land and are highly efficient. With advanced transportation and communication methods, the traditional industries have greatly reduced the demand for central locations, and the environment and labor quality Demand is gr
owing. Therefore, it promotes its relocation, and develops towards miniaturization, lightness, and cleanliness. The decentralized distribution of production in the region breaks the concept of large-scale industrial zones, so that production activities between cities and within cities do not need to be Isolation from each other. For example, the aircraft production parts of the European Airbus Industry Consortium come from Canada, Germany, Australia, South Korea, etc. The Toulouse Central Control Room uses satellites to use the extremely accurate information codes to provide overall coordination and strength for the processing. Many countries In this way, we can cooperate to produce other professional services, such as consulting, legal affairs, accounting and auditing. As information technology enables them to obtain and process large amounts of data, it may make small institutions more competitive and rely on specific locations. Weakening can be performed in multiple types of locations. With the support of the information network, the ideal place for human beings to live is not in crowded cities, but in beautiful surrounding suburbs or villages. The residential functional areas located in the city will be replaced by residential communities scattered in the suburbs and villages.
Through the integration of local talent market resources, the construction and development of some talent-related
markets, to provide local people with more abundant high-level jobs and the environment, so as to continuously attract more talents and provide longer-term for the local economy Protection and motivation. Just as cities are not a static concept, they will evolve over time. In the 21st century, this information-based century, both
internationally and domestically, has both challenges and opportunities, and progress and crisis. The knowledge economy affects urban development mainly through various aspects such as affecting industrial structure, urban functions, spatial structure, and construction management methods. Only those cities that can adapt to the macro trend of informationization and develop in a timely and high-speed direction and strategy can become national and regional economic and information control coordination centers. And cities that fail to adapt to this trend, even if they were once important central cities, will eventually lead to a decline in status. Achieving urban
informatization is a necessary condition for cities to integrate into globalization. Promoting urban informatization will become a new theme and new feature of urban development power.