The area was settled by the Romans in 15 BC and the medieval city of Barcino was built in the first century BC.It is small, surrounded by a wall about 1.5 kilometers long, and features a vertical street grid with Roman characteristics, which was later carefully conceived and built by central planners.
Designed in the 1850s, it will be transformed into a network of so-called superblocks that will create walk-centric communities, offices -18 minutes, Downtown -15 minutes, Subway – four minutes, Gym – two minutes, Supermarket – one minute, Bar -30 seconds. The very uniform layout makes daily life in Barcelona easy, while addressing the health, sustainability and pollution problems that Barcelona faces, and creating a dynamic environment for living, working and playing (Moran and Moran, 2020).
400 meters x 400 meters of nine square blocks, the maximum speed limit of the road in the first stage of the super block is 20 km/h (12.5 miles per hour). In the second stage, it will change urban life and the way people use public space. Roadside parking Spaces in superblocks will disappear (by building roadside garages) and top speeds will be 10 km/h (6 m/h), enabling people to play games, sports and cultural activities on the streets. Ready to add 300 kilometers of bike lanes in the city, supplement the super block, at the same time increase the bus service,which only need to wait for 5 minutes time, super block planning to encourage people to walk, ride a bike, such as green travel way, to reduce urban traffic congestion, reduce carbon dioxide emissions, driving the movement of the stream of people, so as to improve the development of the economy(Core77, 2020).
- More sustainable travel;
- Reduce noise and waste emissions
- Revitalize public areas and make streets quieter
- Promote social cohesion
- Promote self-sufficiency(Superblocks, 2020)
Superblocks will be unique communities, more closely related to each other, with Shared governance and public resources – cities that can be the equivalent of microgrids, and have much more potential. But it can be inferred that it is not very convenient for people in Barcelona to travel long distances, especially to the surrounding areas. And there aren’t many green Spaces or parks in the city, some of them around the city.
Architecture Walks and Tours in Barcelona. 2020. Superblocks.[onlinel Available at: <https://barcelonarchitecturewalks.com/superblocks/> [Accessed 27 April 2020]
Core77. 2020. Barcelona’s “Superblocks” Plan: Less Cars, More Bikes, Better Social Spaces – Core77. [online] Available at<https://www.core77.com/posts/55297/Barcelonas-Superblocks-Plan-Less-CarsMore-Bikes-Better-Social-Spaces> [Accessed 27 April 2020].
Moran, C. and Moran, C., 2020. Within Walking Distance. [online] (barcelona-metropolitan.com). Available at: <https://www.barcelonametropolitan.com/features/within-walking-distance/> [Accessed 27 April 2020].
Vox. 2020. A Fascinating New Scheme To Create Walkable Publid Spaces In Barcelona. [onlinel Available at: <https://www.vox.com/2016/8/4/12342806/barcelona-superblocks> [Accessed 27April 2020].
Vox. 2020. Barcelona’S Remarkable History Of Rebirth And Transformation. [online] Available at: <https://www.vox.com/energy-andenvironment/2019/4/8/18266760/barcelona-spain-urban-planning-history> [Accessed 27 April 2020].