On 29 March 2020, officially Yogyakarta International Airport (YIA) entirely operated. This new airport will be connecting the province of Special Region Yogyakarta, to cities around Indonesia and countries across continents.
Operational activity in YIA 2020. Source: radarjogja.com
There are a lot of opportunities and expectations from this a brand-new airport. It is because the previous airport, Adisutjipto International Airport that blended with air force training squadron, that too small and cannot be developed anymore. Thus, the benefit from their existence it just limited and not much to provide jobs and even economic contributions.
This new airport was built in the area around 80 Ha and could serve the most prominent passenger in the world, Airbus A380. YIA expected to serve about 20 million passengers per years. Also, this massive investment is part of the local government’s main program, to support and to develop potential regional sectors such as tourism, SME, education, and investment.
Aerial perspective of Yogyakarta International Airport. Source: seasia.co
The new hope from YIA is expected in general, to help the city economic developed mainly in Kulon Progro district. The YIA masterplan was approached by 21st-century airport precedent, adopting the aerotropolis concept. The airport becomes the core of the city by presenting the world scale of production and enterprise system with speed, agility and connectivity (Kasarda, 2012). This airport city ranged in around 30 km from the airport and set up for public amenities for business, residential, warehouse, and industrial. Some example of development aerotropolis concept such as Amsterdam Zuaidas-Netherland, Las Colinas-Texas, and Songdo International Business District-South Korea.
Songdo International Business District, South Kore. Source: skyscrapercity.com
The principal of aerotropolis strategy in specific will provide opportunities related in socio-economic (Kasarda, 2012), that following some essential resume points:
- Acceleration of economy
- Adequate time and cost business delivery chain to customers, suppliers, and corporate partners in a range of regional, national, and worldwide.
- Encourage people, especially local people, to improve their skill and education to reach the opportunities working on it.
- Improving the local government and organization capability to run and manage the high complexity activities.
- Challenging for the architect to place appropriate design related to sustainable and modern built environment sequence with interpretable, navigable, and welcoming.
Aerotropolis schematic concept. Source: aerotropolis, Dr. JD. Kasarda.
There are still have a lot work to do to integrate and make sure those strategies above work well. One of the essential things is the accessibility to support the movement to the central city. Recently, there is an only general road with a traffic jam that makes going to the airport might be in one and a half hours up to two hours to reach 40 km. Meanwhile, the alternative transport mode is by train. However, the train station is still 2 km away from the airport and passengers need to continue with 10 minutes shuttle bus to reach the airport. Hopefully, next, when I am going home, it should complete.
Airmagz.com (2019). [web] Available at: https://www.airmagz.com/45120/keliru-penumpang-yia-malah-menuju-bandara-adisutjipto.html [Accessed 11 April 2020]
Kasarda, J.D. & Lindsay, G. (2012) Aerotropolis : the way we’ll live next. London: Penguin.
Radar Jogja (2020). [web] Available at: https://radarjogja.co/2020/03/30/yia-resmi-full-operation/ [Accessed 11 April 2020].
Seasia.co (2017). [web] Available at: https://seasia.co/2017/06/05/photos-design-of-new-yogyakarta-international-airport [Accessed 11 April 2020]
Skyscrapercity.com (2007). [web] Available at: https://www.skyscrapercity.com/threads/incheon-songdo-ibd-u-c.1067187/ [Accessed 11 April 2020]