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Transit oriented development has to be major development in Europe country. The importance of good transport infrastructure is key to make good urban environment. TOD according to C40 Cities describe as “an urban planning principle that promotes high-density, mixed use development integrated with a robust public transport system1”.

Illustration TOD by Calthorpe (1993)

Newcastle also develop integrated transit oriented development in past few decades. And Its success to form the shape of the city into more connected and less automobile usage. Even in this recent years Newcastle city try to reduce the amount of road and add more facility to encourage pedestrian and cycling behavior.

In this writing I want to analyze from my perspective how integrated transport system can change the city shape in Newcastle where I live and study in here.

Information of Modern public transport in Newcastle

Metro Link network

Newcastle build first modern integrated transport system when build first metro link network in August 1980 The Tyne and Wear Metro is a light rail network linking South Tyneside and Sunderland with Gateshead, Newcastle upon Tyne, North Tyneside and Newcastle Airport. The metro served 60 stations with the length of 77 km of track.  Newcastle metro is one of two rail network in Uk (outside London) instead using tram network such as Edinburgh, Manchester.

Bus services in Newcastle

Tyne and Wear has an extensive bus network, overseen by the Public Transport Executive (PTE), Nexus. Bus services in the area are mainly operated by three main companies, these being Arriva, Go North East and Stagecoach.

How inter mode transport link in Newcastle
Metro Link network in Newcastle

In the picture above we can see that metro link network connect with bus system in the several spot of the station and can interchange mode of transport. And also metro link connects directly with Newcastle International airport and gives direct access through the airport.

Interchange metro and bus in Gateshead and Hay market
Impact to the Urban Form in Newcastle
  1. Small pocket of economic activity

The node of public transport cleverly shapes as a small pocket of economic activity in several spot in Newcastle. This planning can create local economic more evenly and served in smaller area. This not make the economic concentrated in the city centre. And can preserved local community and business. This can be shown in several place in Newcastle such as Kenton Park, Jarrow shopping centre, Trinity square, and many more.

Jarrow town centre

 2. Park and ride concept

In Newcastle also introduce park and ride program to reduce cars from entering city centre and decrease congestion in the city centre. This Can be seen in several spot of metro station that provide large parking space building and people can commute every day with metro link to the city centre.

Parking place for park and ride in Regent centre and Kingston park

3. Increasing pedestrian and cycling infrastructure

In recent years Newcastle city keep increasing pedestrian route and cycling infrastructure in their transit. This including cycle dedicated storage that place in metro station. And now their reducing the road in inner city to promote using public transport.

John Dobson st make as cycle route and program for make pedestrian way larger in Barras bridge

4. Newcastle promote fully accessible for disable person and elderly

We can see that all public transport in Newcastle mostly fully accessible for wheel chair and elderly using mobility scooter. All of the metro station equipped with lift or ramp to accommodate wheel chair user and all bus in the city have ramp and place for wheel chair user.

Accessible facility for disable people in public transport
Further consideration

In term of already developed infrastructure in newcastle we see that urban development in Newcastle already spreading in much wider region. Especially, for housing development now reached miles away from city centre. The link for rapid mass transport ned to be widen to cover new development region and can minimise the usage of automobile.


  1. Peter Calthorpe ,The Next American Metropolis, Ecology, Community, and american Dream
  2. Metro link Newcastle information available online at
  3. Transport in Tyne and Wear available online at
  4. Urban Transport Group, The place to be – How transit oriented development can support good growth in the city regions, report : Year Unknown



  1. Hi, Ganang

    It is an interesting observation about the vital aspect of the city: public transportation. For me, living in the UK, particularly in Newcastle almost in a year is giving me experiences about public transport, especially experience in TOD.

    Living harmony in the city depends on the public transportation system, which is supporting the city. Connecting to each point in the town is an essential thing that makes the city growing, social life-sustaining, and also economic sector is rolling to creating wealthy. The critical factor of the success of TOD addressed to [1]:
    1. Transit should be at the centre of the development area
    2. The neighbourhood with a high density of housing and commercial complex
    3. Linked with proper pedestrian and bicycle path
    4. Private transport should be discouraged
    5. Service and development should be integrated
    6. Use of brownfield site
    7. Public sector involvement

    Here I want to support your perspective that further, it might be completing our pieces of knowledge about your topic of TOD. Some requirements make TOD successful in helping city transport. However, the mandatory requirement of TOD has to proximity to the rail station in around ¼ or ½ miles with a 10-minute walk [2]. Besides, the pedestrian is taking priority aspect to support this system that makes people walking and cycling are safe and comfortable.

    Furthermore, ten TOD elements should be met regarding the standard qualification [2]:

    1. Well defined public space-outdoor rooms
    2. A mix of uses-lively, vibrant places
    3. Quality pedestrian
    4. Human scale architecture
    5. The active ground level of retail
    6. Tree-lined street
    7. Easily access for bicycle
    8. Reduce and hidden parking
    9. Affordability
    10. Expandability functioned as a catalyst.

    In some example you have been mentioned, the TOD in Newcastle had met with some points. By this blog, it might be considered by the council to improve the TOD become more attractive for the citizen that could encourage more people to use public transport.


    [1] Urban Transport Group. [Pdf] available at (Accessed at 14 April 2020)

    [2] Transit Development Institute. [web] available at (accessed 14 April 2020)

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School of Architecture
Planning and Landscape
Newcastle upon Tyne
Tyne and Wear, NE1 7RU

Tel: 0191 208 6509


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