Transit oriented development has to be major development in Europe country. The importance of good transport infrastructure is key to make good urban environment. TOD according to C40 Cities describe as “an urban planning principle that promotes high-density, mixed use development integrated with a robust public transport system1”.
Newcastle also develop integrated transit oriented development in past few decades. And Its success to form the shape of the city into more connected and less automobile usage. Even in this recent years Newcastle city try to reduce the amount of road and add more facility to encourage pedestrian and cycling behavior.
In this writing I want to analyze from my perspective how integrated transport system can change the city shape in Newcastle where I live and study in here.
Information of Modern public transport in Newcastle
Metro Link network
Newcastle build first modern integrated transport system when build first metro link network in August 1980 The Tyne and Wear Metro is a light rail network linking South Tyneside and Sunderland with Gateshead, Newcastle upon Tyne, North Tyneside and Newcastle Airport. The metro served 60 stations with the length of 77 km of track. Newcastle metro is one of two rail network in Uk (outside London) instead using tram network such as Edinburgh, Manchester.
Bus services in Newcastle
Tyne and Wear has an extensive bus network, overseen by the Public Transport Executive (PTE), Nexus. Bus services in the area are mainly operated by three main companies, these being Arriva, Go North East and Stagecoach.
How inter mode transport link in Newcastle
In the picture above we can see that metro link network connect with bus system in the several spot of the station and can interchange mode of transport. And also metro link connects directly with Newcastle International airport and gives direct access through the airport.
Impact to the Urban Form in Newcastle
- Small pocket of economic activity
The node of public transport cleverly shapes as a small pocket of economic activity in several spot in Newcastle. This planning can create local economic more evenly and served in smaller area. This not make the economic concentrated in the city centre. And can preserved local community and business. This can be shown in several place in Newcastle such as Kenton Park, Jarrow shopping centre, Trinity square, and many more.
2. Park and ride concept
In Newcastle also introduce park and ride program to reduce cars from entering city centre and decrease congestion in the city centre. This Can be seen in several spot of metro station that provide large parking space building and people can commute every day with metro link to the city centre.
3. Increasing pedestrian and cycling infrastructure
In recent years Newcastle city keep increasing pedestrian route and cycling infrastructure in their transit. This including cycle dedicated storage that place in metro station. And now their reducing the road in inner city to promote using public transport.
4. Newcastle promote fully accessible for disable person and elderly
We can see that all public transport in Newcastle mostly fully accessible for wheel chair and elderly using mobility scooter. All of the metro station equipped with lift or ramp to accommodate wheel chair user and all bus in the city have ramp and place for wheel chair user.
In term of already developed infrastructure in newcastle we see that urban development in Newcastle already spreading in much wider region. Especially, for housing development now reached miles away from city centre. The link for rapid mass transport ned to be widen to cover new development region and can minimise the usage of automobile.
- Peter Calthorpe ,The Next American Metropolis, Ecology, Community, and american Dream
- Metro link Newcastle information available online at https://www.nexus.org.uk
- Transport in Tyne and Wear available online at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transport_in_Tyne_and_Wear
- Urban Transport Group, The place to be – How transit oriented development can support good growth in the city regions, report : Year Unknown